Human activities have changed the world in ways never before seen in history. It has caused irreparable damage to various communities as well as a huge negative impact on the ecology. These words have emerged in a report of the United Nations Panel of Scientists on Climate Change-IPCC. Scientists have warned that action taken to combat the effects of climate change is not enough. Stronger action must be taken to avoid catastrophic warming.
The current rate of carbon emissions in the world will exceed the limits of the world’s carbon emissions by 2030. This will put the long-term goal of keeping global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius out of reach. If warming is kept within these limits, the world’s atolls and arctic ice cover will survive. It will also avoid the rise in sea level by stopping the melting of ice in Antarctica and Greenland.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the new report as a ‘manual for survival’. He asked the governments to take this report seriously and take steps to implement the issues raised in it.
The report also said that the risk of disasters due to climate change is constantly increasing. Renewable energy and technology can be used to avoid this risk. Climate scientists met in Switzerland to reach a consensus on the facts and figures emerging from this latest major report on climate change.
The report also says that the faster we reduce our use of fossil fuels, the faster we can avoid the worst effects of climate change.
In response to the data in the report, UN Secretary General Guterres said that all countries must be more active in the goal of reducing carbon emissions to zero within a decade. These targets were set to rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Opportunities to secure a livable and sustainable future for all are running out fast. We have to use this opportunity now.
Countries reached a consensus eight years ago to address the effects of climate change. They reached this consensus at the Paris Climate Conference in 2015. Governments also pledged to take action to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. But global warming has already reached 1.1 degrees Celsius. Currently, experts are warning that global warming may drop 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030.
The new report was prepared by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This panel was formed by the government of different countries. The IPCC advises the United Nations on global warming. All the concerned countries have also agreed on this new report of IPCC.
In a report published on climate change in 2018, various facts and data emerged about the various causes, effects and solutions of climate change. The aim of this new study was to bring these issues together. It details the effects of climate change that the world is already witnessing and how catastrophic these effects could become day by day. For this, the United Nations is saying to take the report seriously.